[1]柯 莹,张海棠.降温服的研究现状及发展趋势[J].服装学报,2020,5(01):40-46.
 KE Ying,ZHANG Haitang.Present State and Development Tendency of Cooling Suits[J].Journal of Clothing Research,2020,5(01):40-46.
点击复制

降温服的研究现状及发展趋势()
分享到:

《服装学报》[ISSN:2096-1928/CN:32-1864/TS]

卷:
第5卷
期数:
2020年01期
页码:
40-46
栏目:
服装工程技术
出版日期:
2020-03-09

文章信息/Info

Title:
Present State and Development Tendency of Cooling Suits
作者:
柯 莹;  张海棠
江南大学 设计学院,江苏 无锡 214122
Author(s):
KE Ying;  ZHANG Haitang
School of Design, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China
分类号:
TS 941.731.3
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为探究降温服在设计开发和测试评价过程中的关键问题,对其降温原理与分类、关键技术及测试评价方法进行归纳整理,并阐述降温服的发展现状。根据不同降温介质将降温服分成气体降温服、液体降温服和相变降温服3种类型,并依次介绍其工作原理、优缺点和最新研究进展。最后归纳总结降温服的3种测试方法(数值模拟法、暖体假人实验、人体穿着实验),并预测降温服在新材料的应用、舒适性与功能性以及规范精准的测试评价体系3方面的发展趋势。
Abstract:
In order to explore the key issues in the process of design and evaluation of cooling clothing, the cooling principle and classification, key technologies and evaluation methods of cooling clothing were summarized and sorted, and the development status of cooling clothing was expounded. According to the different cooling medium, the cooling clothes were classified into three types: gas cooling suit, liquid cooling suit and phase change cooling suit, and the working principle, advantages and disadvantages and the latest development of the cooling clothes introduced successively. The characteristics of three testing methods of cooling clothing(numerical simulation method, warm body dummy experiment and human wearing experiment)were summarized. The development trend of cooling clothing in the application of new materials, comfort and functionality, standardized and accurate test and evaluation system was predicted.

参考文献/References:

[1] 廖梦婷, 邹声华. 降温服综合性能的模糊评价[J]. 工业安全与环保, 2018,44(6): 75-78.
LIAO Mengting,ZOU Shenghua. Fuzzy evaluation of cooling garments comprehensive performance[J].Industrial Safety and Environmental Protection,2018,44(6): 75-78.(in Chinese)
[2] 李璐娜,陈磊,梁永辉,等. 对相变降温服的相变材料充注量及摆放位置的研究[J].中国新技术新产品,2019,8(46): 79-82.
LI Luna,CHEN Lei,LIANG Yonghui,et al. The filling capacity and position of phase change materials for phase change cooling suit were studied [J]. New Technology and New Products from China,2019,8(46): 79-82.(in Chinese)
[3] SPECKMAN K L,ALLAN A E,SAWKA M N,et al. A review: microclimate cooling of protective over garments in the heat [R]. Natick: United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine,1988.
[4] WEBBON B,MONTGOMERY L,MILLER L,et al. A comparison of three liquid-ventilation cooling garments during treadmill exercise [J]. A viat Space Environ Med,1981,52(7):408- 415.
[5] BEIKO K. Evaluation of personal cooling systems explo-sive ordnance disposal suits [R]. Canada: Canadian Po-lice Research Center,1993.
[6] 王敏,李俊. 衣下空间作用机制与防护服舒适性[J].中国个体防护设备,2009,5(2): 18-21.
WANG Min,LI Jun. The effect mechanism of the space under clothes and the comfort of protective clothes [J]. China Personal Protective Equipment,2009,5(2): 18-21.(in Chinese
[7] 张渭源. 服装舒适性与功能[M]. 北京:中国纺织出版社,2011:75-76.
[8] 原田隆司. 衣服内气候与衣着[J]. 国外纺织技术,1987(16):35- 40.
HARADA T. The climate of clothes [J]. Textile Technology Overseas,1987(16): 35- 40.(in Chinese)
[9] 盛伟,郑海坤. 人体降温服在矿井热环境中的应用综述 [J]. 中国安全生产科学技术,2013,9(12): 95-101.
SHENG Wei,ZHEN Haikun. Literature review on application of body cooled suits in mine thermal environment [J]. Journal of Safety Science and Technology,2013,9(12): 95-101.(in Chinese)
[10] 韩增旺,唐世君,赖军. 换气式降温服的实验评价研究 [J]. 中国个体防护设备,2010,3(3):11-14.
HAN Zengwang,TANG Shijun,LAI Jun. The experimental evaluation studies of circulating air cooling garment [J]. China Personal Protective Equipment,2010,3(3):11-14.(in Chinese)
[11] 刘静. 热学微系统技术[M]. 北京:科学出版社,2007.
[12] YANG Y F,STAPLETON J,DIAGNE B T,et al. Man-portable personal cooling garment based on vacuum desiccant cooling [J]. Applied Thermal Engineering,2012,47:18-24.
[13] 盛伟,刘秀芳,王强,等. 一种自压式空调服:CN102326891A[P].2012-01-25.
[14] 洪银福. 一种冷却服: CN201710815570.X[P].2017-12-08.
[15] 李利娜,钱晓明,徐杰. 冷却服装的发展现状及应用 [J]. 中国个体防护装备,2008,2(4): 24-28.
LI Lina,QIAN Xiaoming,XU Jie. Development and application of cooling garments [J]. China personal Protective Equipment,2008,2(4):24-28.(in Chinese)
[16] WESTIN J K,KAPAT J S,CHOW L C,An improved thermoregulatory model for automatic cooling control development in liquid cooling garment systems [J]. Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications,2010,2(1):1-11.
[17] 牛丽,钱晓明,范金土,等. 可降温式消防服的设计与降温效果评价 [J]. 纺织学报,2018,39(6):106-112.
NIU Li,QIAN Xiaoming,FAN Jintu,et al. Design of cooling firefighting protective clothing and evaluation on cooling performance [J]. Journal of Textile Research,2018,39(6):106-112.(in Chinese)
[18] 牛丽,钱晓明,范金土,等. 换热管路间隔大小对可降温消防服降温效果的影响 [J]. 纺织导报,2018(5):92-94.
NIU Li,QIAN Xiaoming,FAN Jintu,et al. Effect of heat exchange tube intervals on cooling performance of firefighter uniform [J]. China Textile Leader,2018(5):92-94.(in Chinese)
[19] 郭庭辉. 液冷服中的流动与传热及其系统研制 [D]. 武汉: 华中科技大学,2015.
[20] HUNTER I,HOPKINS J T,CASA D J,et al. Warming up with an lce vest: core body temperature before and after cross-country racing [J]. Journal of Athletic Training,2006,41(4):371-374.
[21] BARTKOWIAK G,DABROWSKA A,MARSZALEK A. Analysis of thermoregulation properties of PCM garments on the basis of ergonomic tests [J]. Textile Research Journal,2012,83(2):148-159.
[22] ALMQVIST H O. Cooling garment having phase change material in its extremity portions: US8499367 [P]. 2013-08- 06.
[23] AYERS D,CORTINA K,LINDEMANN C. Revesible garment with warming side and cooling side: US8813525[P]. 2014- 08-26.
[24] 张行周,钟晓辉,吴玉庭,等. 便携式空调系统研究[J]. 中国个体防护装备,2006(2):31-33.
ZHANG Xingzhou,ZHONG Xiaohui,WU Yuting,et al. Study on portable air-conditioning systems [J].China Personal Protective Equipment,2006(2):31-33.(in Chinese)
[25] 那寒矗,李夕兵,马春德,等.改进的层次分析法——模糊数学模型在矿井人体舒适度评价的应用[J].安全与环境学报,2015(15):12-15.
NA Hanchu,LI Xibing,MA Chunde,et al.The improved analytic hierarchy process—the application of fuzzy mathematical model in the evaluation of human comfort in mine [J].Journal of Safety and Environment,2015(15):12-15.(in Chinese)
[26] WANG F,SONG W.An investigation of thermophysio logical responses of human while using four personal cooling strategies during heat waves [J].Journal of Thermal Biology,2017(70): 37- 44.
[27] SONG W,WANG F,WEI F. Hybrid cooling clothing to improve thermal comfort of office workers in a hot indoor environment [J].Building and Environment,2016(100):92-101.
[28] HENRY P S H.Diffusion in absorbing media [J].Proceedings of the Royal Society of London,1939(171):215-240.
[29] FARNWORTH B.A numerical model of the combined diffusion of heat and water vapor through clothing [J].Textile Research Journal,1986(56): 653-664.
[30] SANTOS M S,OLIVERIRA D,CAMPOS J B L M,et al.Numerical analysis of the flow and heat transfer in cylindrical clothing microclimates-influence of the microclimate thickness ration [J].International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer,2018(117):71-79.
[31] PENNES H H.Analysis of tissue and arterial blood temperature in the resting forearm [J].Journal of Applied Physiology,1948(1):93-122.
[32] HAVENITH G,FIALA D.Thermal indices and thermophysiological modeling for heat stress [J].Comprehensive Physiology,2016(6):255-302.
[33] 赵蒙蒙,柯莹,王发明,等.通风服热舒适性研究现状与展望 [J].纺织学报,2019,40(3):183-188.
ZHAO Mengmeng,KE Ying,WANG Faming,et al.Research and development trend of ventilation clothing thermal comfort [J].Journal of Textile Research,2019,40(3):183-188.(in Chinese)
[34] 王前进.涡流式降温服在矿井下应用基础研究 [D].西安: 西安科技大学,2015.
[35] SUN Y,JASPER W.Numerical modeling of heat and moisture transfer in a wearable convective cooling system for human comfort [J].Building and Environment,2015(93):50-62.
[36] WANG F,SONG W.An investigation of thermo physiological responses of human while using four personal cooling strategies during heat waves [J].Journal of Thermal Biology,2017(70):37- 44.
[37] ZHAO M,GAO C,WANG F,et al.A study on local cooling of garments with ventilation fans and openings placed at different torso sites [J].International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics,2013(43):232-237.
[38] 李莎莎,李俊.消防服性能测评技术及其综合评价原则 [J].服装学报,2017,2(3):212-217.
LI Shasha,LI Jun.Study on the performance evaluating methods and comprehensive evaluation principles of fire fighting clothing [J].Journal of Clothing Research,2017,2(3):212-217.(in Chinese)
[39] UDAY R,WANG F,SONG W,et al.Performance enhancement of hybrid personal cooling clothing in a hot environment: PCM cooling energy management with additional insulation [J].Ergonomics,2019,62(7):928-939.
[40] CHAN A P,ZHANG Y,WANG F,et al.A field study of the effectiveness and practicality of a novel hybrid personal cooling vest worn during rest in Hong Kong construction industry [J].Journal of Thermal Biology,2017(70):21-27.
[41] CHAN A P,YANG Y,SONG W.Evaluating the usability of a commercial cooling vest in the Hong Kong industries [J].International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics,2018,24(1):73-81.
(责任编辑:张 雪)

更新日期/Last Update: 2020-02-29